We remain open to provide care for your pets. We are following the direction of government and regulatory authorities and have implemented hospital and visit protocols to keep both you and our team safe. For regular updates on our hours and visit protocols, please follow our social media platforms.


Feline Urinary Issues

Some crystals form naturally in your pet’s urine, but sometimes they can become problematic, requiring a visit to your veterinarian. Completing a urinalysis is necessary to diagnose and treat this issue. Every patient is different and requires a full work up to help resolve and prevent reoccurrence.

What are urinary crystals?
Urinary crystals can be found in the urine of cats and dogs, which can be abnormal depending on the clinical signs the pet is presenting such as:
– Inappropriate elimination
– Dribbling or straining to urinate
– Blood in urine
– Discomfort while urinating
– Vocalizing in the litter box
– Inability to urinate

Crystals form in the urine depending on urine pH, which is the measurement of the urine’s degree of acidity or alkalinity. Crystalluria (crystals in the urine) can be associated with urinary infection, bladder stone formation, or diet-related factors. Several types of crystals form in feline and canine urine depending on pH, breed, diet, even certain diseases, and toxicities, and each requires specific treatment.

How do you get a diagnosis?
If your pet is having urinary issues, your veterinarian will first start with a urinalysis. A sample is collected by:
– Free flow in a clean sealable container
– Nosorb litter provided by your veterinary team
– Cystocentesis – the collection of urine with a needle through the bladder wall
– Urinary Catheterization

When performing a urinalysis, the technicians look at a fresh, clean urine sample and evaluate colour, odour, turbidity, specific gravity, which tells us a little bit about hydration status, and chemical evaluation. A microscopic evaluation of the urine is performed when the urine is spun at high speeds in a centrifuge separating it into a liquid portion and sediment portion. Along with crystals, the sediment will show white blood cells, red blood cells, bacteria, cells that line the urinary tract and much more. In prolonged, severe cases where crystals are non-responsive to treatment, a radiographic image or ultrasound exam may be necessary for diagnosing the formation of stones in the bladder.

What is the treatment?
​Treatment of urinary crystals is unique to each patient, requiring a good relationship with your veterinarian to create a plan specific to your pet.

​Treatment methods include:
– Urinary prescription diets
– Antibiotics
– Surgical removal of bladder stones
– Increase in water intake
– Pain control

Urinary issues have a large range of severities – some requiring lifelong management. Early detection and treatment are essential for your pet to have the best outcome possible. Urinalysis rechecks and follow up visits are often required to ensure your pet is not having a reoccurrence. Some cases are very serious if left untreated and may be fatal. ​

Written by Quiana Woolaver, RVT


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COVID-19: Additional measures we are taking

Dear Clients,

Due to the close contact that our work requires, we have taken additional measures to protect you and our team while providing care for your furry family members.

The following changes are effective as of Wednesday, March 18, 2020:

1. We are currently operating a “closed reception area” policy to protect our clients and staff. When you arrive, please remain in your vehicle and use your cell phone to please call the number posted on our windows. We will take a history from outside of your vehicle, and bring your pet into the clinic for an examination with the veterinarian. We will then return to your vehicle with your pet to discuss our recommended treatment plan. If you do not have a cell phone please knock our door to let us know you have arrived and then return to your vehicle.

2. We are continuing to accept appointments for urgent or sick pets and equine, as well as time-sensitive vaccinations. All other services will be scheduled for a later time.

3. We are still OPEN with the following hours: Monday to Friday: 8:00 am - 7:30 pm. Saturday: 8:00 am - 3:00 pm and Sunday: CLOSED

4. If you are ordering food or medications, please allow 3-5 business days as our suppliers are dealing with increased demand and are trying to fill orders as quickly as possible. We will advise you as soon as your order arrives. Please call us when you arrive to pick up your order, but do not enter the hospital. Our staff will bring your order to your car and take payment over the phone. You can also use our online store and have your food delivered directly to your home. To sign up for the online store, visit our website.

5. For the time being, we are not accepting cash as payment. Credit cards and debit card payments are still available.

Following the recommendations of our government and medical experts, we are doing our best to practice social distancing within the constraints of our roles. As such, we have taken measures to avoid both contracting and facilitating the spread of this virus.

Thank you for helping us be diligent for everyone's safety. As we have heard from all levels of government, the situation is fluid and any updates will be provided as changes occur.

- Your dedicated team at Avon Animal Hospital